# 乘法除法學習板（２件）2pcs a set Multiplication and Unit division board

## 描述 （1）老師先出題目：如6*6=？

（2）將卡片 ‘6’ 插入插槽，紅色籌碼放在頂部數字 ‘6’ 上

（3）讓學生將紅色珠子依次從左到右共放入6排，每排6個珠子

（4）清點所有放入的珠子得出運算結果

（1）同樣先出一條題目，如8除4=？

（2）取出8個綠色珠珠代表被除數8

（3）將四個小人放入頂部代表除數

（4）讓學生將8個珠子平均分給4個小人

（5）此時每個小人都有相同的珠子，提醒學生看左邊的數字並的得到答案

 Multiplication Board Materials – A perforated board with 100 holes in rows of 10 arranged in a square. At the left side of the board is a window with a slot for the insertion of the cards. – A red, wooden disc. – Tables of multiplication – A set of cards from 1 to 10 – Charts 1 and 2 Chart 1 Chart 2 Presentation Show the child the material and have him bring it to the table. Show the child the numbers along the top of the board. Tell the child, “These numbers tell us how many times to take a number.” Show the child how to slide the card (4) into the slot on the side of the board. Tell the child, “This tells us we will be doing the table of 4.” Place the little red disc above the 1 at the top of the board. Say, “This tells us we need to take 4 one times. Using the red beads, place 4 one times in a vertical line. Have the child count how many beads there are on the board. Tell the child, “4 x 1 is 4” Have the child write the answer on the paper next to the equation. Move the disc over above the 2. Tell the child, “We now need 4 two times. But we already have 4 one times.” Have the child place the red beads in a vertical line next to the first four. Have the child count the total number of beads on the board. Say, “4 x 2 is 8”. Repeat in this manner. When the child reaches 4 x 4, have him say the equation with you. If the child is making the table with ease, when he reaches 4 x 8 show him that 4 x 7 was 28. Count from 28 up four more. Repeat in this way until he has finished the board. Have the child read all of the equations and answers written on the piece of paper. The child can check his work on Multiplication Chart 1. Exercice The child, over time, does each of the tables in the same way. He can then make a booklet of the tables. Purpose Direct To give practice in multiplication leading to the memorization of the essential multiplication tables. Control of Error The child checks his work with Chart 1.

 Unit Division Board Materials – The unit division board – 9 green skittles – A box with 81 green beads – Printed division slips Introduction Show the child the material and have him bring it to the table. Look at the board with the child. Show him all the places for the beads. Show him the numbers at the top of the boards and tell him that they are the dividend. Tell him the numbers on the side will be the answer. Write 27 ¸ 9 = on squared paper. Begin by telling the child the two rules: the answer cannot be larger than 9 and the remainder cannot be equal to or larger than the divisor. Place 27 green beads into the glass bowl. Ask the child how many times will we give 27 out. (9) Place 9 green skittles along the top of the board. Give each skittle a bead until there are no beads left. See below for the equation in progress: Say, “27 ¸ 9 is 3”. Point to the 3 along the vertical side of the board. Have the child write in the answer to the equation. Have him replace the beads into the bowl. Ask the child how many beads we have in the bowl. (27) Tell him as you write the next part of the equation on the second line of paper, “27 ¸ 8 =” Have him do this equation as he had just done the last. Have him write the answer with the remainder. Read the whole equation with the child. Tell the child that there is something special about the remainder: “We can have a remainder as long as it is smaller than the dividend.” Repeat as above for 27 ¸ 6 = After the child has written the answer and the remainder check to see if the remainder is smaller than the dividend. Repeat in this way for the entire sheet of paper. When you reach 27 ¸ 2, your remainder will be bigger than the dividend. Point this out to the child and then cross out the entire equation because: “We can never have a remainder that is the same or bigger than the dividend.” Presentation Write 81 ¸ 9 = Have the child count 81 beads into the glass bowl and place nine skittles at the top of the board. Have the child do this equation as written above. Read the finished equation out loud with the child. Then write: 81 ¸ 8 = Have the child do this equation and write in the remainder. Look with the child at the remainder and notice that it is bigger than the dividend. Cross off the whole equation. Repeat for 81 ¸ 7 = Repeat for 81 ¸ 6 = Look at the last three crossed off equations and wonder out loud: “I wonder if the others will also have a remainder larger than the dividend?” The child should notice that the remainder gets bigger and bigger as the dividend gets smaller and smaller. Decide together that because of this pattern, only 81 ¸ 9 works. You can finish this presentation here. Notes On the same day or at a later date repeat this work for 80 ¸ 9 through 1, 79 ¸ 9 through 1, 78 ¸ 9 through 1, etc… For the first few sets of work, clear the board after each equation. Once the child understands that each equation is a new and different equation, you do not need to clear the board after each equation. Exercises The child can work as shown in the presentation. Once the child has done all the equations on all of the slips, re-read the equations. Underline in red the equations with no remainder. The child can then record all of the equations with no remainder on the squared paper. Purpose Direct To familiarize the child with the various ways in which numbers may be divided. Control of Error Division Chart 1